[BACK]Return to compat_fts.c CVS log [TXT][DIR] Up to [cvsweb.bsd.lv] / mandoc

File: [cvsweb.bsd.lv] / mandoc / compat_fts.c (download)

Revision 1.14, Sat Feb 18 12:24:24 2017 UTC (3 years, 5 months ago) by schwarze
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: VERSION_1_14_5, VERSION_1_14_4, VERSION_1_14_3, VERSION_1_14_2, VERSION_1_14_1, VERSION_1_13
Changes since 1.13: +1 -7 lines

proper test for O_DIRECTORY

#include "config.h"

#if HAVE_FTS

int dummy;

#else

/*	$Id: compat_fts.c,v 1.14 2017/02/18 12:24:24 schwarze Exp $	*/
/*	$OpenBSD: fts.c,v 1.56 2016/09/21 04:38:56 guenther Exp $	*/

/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1990, 1993, 1994
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

#include <dirent.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include "compat_fts.h"

#define MAXIMUM(a, b)	(((a) > (b)) ? (a) : (b))

static FTSENT	*fts_alloc(FTS *, const char *, size_t);
static FTSENT	*fts_build(FTS *);
static void	 fts_lfree(FTSENT *);
static void	 fts_load(FTS *, FTSENT *);
static size_t	 fts_maxarglen(char * const *);
static void	 fts_padjust(FTS *, FTSENT *);
static int	 fts_palloc(FTS *, size_t);
static FTSENT	*fts_sort(FTS *, FTSENT *, int);
static unsigned short	 fts_stat(FTS *, FTSENT *);

#define	ISDOT(a)	(a[0] == '.' && (!a[1] || (a[1] == '.' && !a[2])))
#ifndef	O_CLOEXEC
#define	O_CLOEXEC	0
#endif

#define	CLR(opt)	(sp->fts_options &= ~(opt))
#define	ISSET(opt)	(sp->fts_options & (opt))
#define	SET(opt)	(sp->fts_options |= (opt))

FTS *
fts_open(char * const *argv, int options,
    int (*compar)(const FTSENT **, const FTSENT **))
{
	FTS *sp;
	FTSENT *p, *root;
	int nitems;
	FTSENT *parent, *prev;

	/* Options check. */
	if (options & ~FTS_OPTIONMASK) {
		errno = EINVAL;
		return (NULL);
	}

	/* At least one path must be specified. */
	if (*argv == NULL) {
		errno = EINVAL;
		return (NULL);
	}

	/* Allocate/initialize the stream */
	if ((sp = calloc(1, sizeof(FTS))) == NULL)
		return (NULL);
	sp->fts_compar = compar;
	sp->fts_options = options;

	/*
	 * Start out with 1K of path space, and enough, in any case,
	 * to hold the user's paths.
	 */
	if (fts_palloc(sp, MAXIMUM(fts_maxarglen(argv), PATH_MAX)))
		goto mem1;

	/* Allocate/initialize root's parent. */
	if ((parent = fts_alloc(sp, "", 0)) == NULL)
		goto mem2;
	parent->fts_level = FTS_ROOTPARENTLEVEL;

	/* Allocate/initialize root(s). */
	for (root = prev = NULL, nitems = 0; *argv; ++argv, ++nitems) {
		if ((p = fts_alloc(sp, *argv, strlen(*argv))) == NULL)
			goto mem3;
		p->fts_level = FTS_ROOTLEVEL;
		p->fts_parent = parent;
		p->fts_accpath = p->fts_name;
		p->fts_info = fts_stat(sp, p);

		/* Command-line "." and ".." are real directories. */
		if (p->fts_info == FTS_DOT)
			p->fts_info = FTS_D;

		/*
		 * If comparison routine supplied, traverse in sorted
		 * order; otherwise traverse in the order specified.
		 */
		if (compar) {
			p->fts_link = root;
			root = p;
		} else {
			p->fts_link = NULL;
			if (root == NULL)
				root = p;
			else
				prev->fts_link = p;
			prev = p;
		}
	}
	if (compar && nitems > 1)
		root = fts_sort(sp, root, nitems);

	/*
	 * Allocate a dummy pointer and make fts_read think that we've just
	 * finished the node before the root(s); set p->fts_info to FTS_INIT
	 * so that everything about the "current" node is ignored.
	 */
	if ((sp->fts_cur = fts_alloc(sp, "", 0)) == NULL)
		goto mem3;
	sp->fts_cur->fts_link = root;
	sp->fts_cur->fts_info = FTS_INIT;

	if (nitems == 0)
		free(parent);

	return (sp);

mem3:	fts_lfree(root);
	free(parent);
mem2:	free(sp->fts_path);
mem1:	free(sp);
	return (NULL);
}

static void
fts_load(FTS *sp, FTSENT *p)
{
	size_t len;
	char *cp;

	/*
	 * Load the stream structure for the next traversal.  Since we don't
	 * actually enter the directory until after the preorder visit, set
	 * the fts_accpath field specially so the chdir gets done to the right
	 * place and the user can access the first node.  From fts_open it's
	 * known that the path will fit.
	 */
	len = p->fts_pathlen = p->fts_namelen;
	memmove(sp->fts_path, p->fts_name, len + 1);
	if ((cp = strrchr(p->fts_name, '/')) && (cp != p->fts_name || cp[1])) {
		len = strlen(++cp);
		memmove(p->fts_name, cp, len + 1);
		p->fts_namelen = len;
	}
	p->fts_accpath = p->fts_path = sp->fts_path;
	sp->fts_dev = p->fts_dev;
}

int
fts_close(FTS *sp)
{
	FTSENT *freep, *p;

	/*
	 * This still works if we haven't read anything -- the dummy structure
	 * points to the root list, so we step through to the end of the root
	 * list which has a valid parent pointer.
	 */
	if (sp->fts_cur) {
		for (p = sp->fts_cur; p->fts_level >= FTS_ROOTLEVEL;) {
			freep = p;
			p = p->fts_link ? p->fts_link : p->fts_parent;
			free(freep);
		}
		free(p);
	}

	/* Free up child linked list, sort array, path buffer, stream ptr.*/
	if (sp->fts_child)
		fts_lfree(sp->fts_child);
	free(sp->fts_array);
	free(sp->fts_path);
	free(sp);

	return (0);
}

/*
 * Special case of "/" at the end of the path so that slashes aren't
 * appended which would cause paths to be written as "....//foo".
 */
#define	NAPPEND(p)							\
	(p->fts_path[p->fts_pathlen - 1] == '/'				\
	    ? p->fts_pathlen - 1 : p->fts_pathlen)

FTSENT *
fts_read(FTS *sp)
{
	FTSENT *p, *tmp;
	int instr;
	char *t;

	/* If finished or unrecoverable error, return NULL. */
	if (sp->fts_cur == NULL || ISSET(FTS_STOP))
		return (NULL);

	/* Set current node pointer. */
	p = sp->fts_cur;

	/* Save and zero out user instructions. */
	instr = p->fts_instr;
	p->fts_instr = FTS_NOINSTR;

	/* Directory in pre-order. */
	if (p->fts_info == FTS_D) {
		/* If skipped or crossed mount point, do post-order visit. */
		if (instr == FTS_SKIP ||
		    (ISSET(FTS_XDEV) && p->fts_dev != sp->fts_dev)) {
			if (sp->fts_child) {
				fts_lfree(sp->fts_child);
				sp->fts_child = NULL;
			}
			p->fts_info = FTS_DP;
			return (p);
		}

		/*
		 * If haven't read do so.  If the read fails, fts_build sets
		 * FTS_STOP or the fts_info field of the node.
		 */
		if (sp->fts_child) {
			/* nothing */
		} else if ((sp->fts_child = fts_build(sp)) == NULL) {
			if (ISSET(FTS_STOP))
				return (NULL);
			return (p);
		}
		p = sp->fts_child;
		sp->fts_child = NULL;
		goto name;
	}

	/* Move to the next node on this level. */
next:	tmp = p;
	if ((p = p->fts_link)) {
		free(tmp);

		/*
		 * If reached the top, return to the original directory (or
		 * the root of the tree), and load the paths for the next root.
		 */
		if (p->fts_level == FTS_ROOTLEVEL) {
			fts_load(sp, p);
			return (sp->fts_cur = p);
		}

		/*
		 * User may have called fts_set on the node.  If skipped,
		 * ignore.  If followed, get a file descriptor so we can
		 * get back if necessary.
		 */
		if (p->fts_instr == FTS_SKIP)
			goto next;

name:		t = sp->fts_path + NAPPEND(p->fts_parent);
		*t++ = '/';
		memmove(t, p->fts_name, p->fts_namelen + 1);
		return (sp->fts_cur = p);
	}

	/* Move up to the parent node. */
	p = tmp->fts_parent;
	free(tmp);

	if (p->fts_level == FTS_ROOTPARENTLEVEL) {
		/*
		 * Done; free everything up and set errno to 0 so the user
		 * can distinguish between error and EOF.
		 */
		free(p);
		errno = 0;
		return (sp->fts_cur = NULL);
	}

	/* NUL terminate the pathname. */
	sp->fts_path[p->fts_pathlen] = '\0';

	p->fts_info = p->fts_errno ? FTS_ERR : FTS_DP;
	return (sp->fts_cur = p);
}

/*
 * Fts_set takes the stream as an argument although it's not used in this
 * implementation; it would be necessary if anyone wanted to add global
 * semantics to fts using fts_set.  An error return is allowed for similar
 * reasons.
 */
int
fts_set(FTS *sp, FTSENT *p, int instr)
{
	if (instr && instr != FTS_NOINSTR && instr != FTS_SKIP) {
		errno = EINVAL;
		return (1);
	}
	p->fts_instr = instr;
	return (0);
}

/*
 * This is the tricky part -- do not casually change *anything* in here.  The
 * idea is to build the linked list of entries that are used by fts_children
 * and fts_read.  There are lots of special cases.
 *
 * The real slowdown in walking the tree is the stat calls.  If FTS_NOSTAT is
 * set and it's a physical walk (so that symbolic links can't be directories),
 * we can do things quickly.  First, if it's a 4.4BSD file system, the type
 * of the file is in the directory entry.  Otherwise, we assume that the number
 * of subdirectories in a node is equal to the number of links to the parent.
 * The former skips all stat calls.  The latter skips stat calls in any leaf
 * directories and for any files after the subdirectories in the directory have
 * been found, cutting the stat calls by about 2/3.
 */
static FTSENT *
fts_build(FTS *sp)
{
	struct dirent *dp;
	FTSENT *p, *head;
	FTSENT *cur, *tail;
	DIR *dirp;
	void *oldaddr;
	size_t dlen, len, maxlen;
	int nitems, level, doadjust;
	int saved_errno;
	char *cp;

	/* Set current node pointer. */
	cur = sp->fts_cur;

	/*
	 * Open the directory for reading.  If this fails, we're done.
	 * If being called from fts_read, set the fts_info field.
	 */
	if ((dirp = opendir(cur->fts_accpath)) == NULL) {
		cur->fts_info = FTS_DNR;
		cur->fts_errno = errno;
		return (NULL);
	}

	/*
	 * Figure out the max file name length that can be stored in the
	 * current path -- the inner loop allocates more path as necessary.
	 * We really wouldn't have to do the maxlen calculations here, we
	 * could do them in fts_read before returning the path, but it's a
	 * lot easier here since the length is part of the dirent structure.
	 *
	 * If not changing directories set a pointer so that can just append
	 * each new name into the path.
	 */
	len = NAPPEND(cur);
	cp = sp->fts_path + len;
	*cp++ = '/';
	len++;
	maxlen = sp->fts_pathlen - len;

	/*
	 * fts_level is signed so we must prevent it from wrapping
	 * around to FTS_ROOTLEVEL and FTS_ROOTPARENTLEVEL.
	 */
	level = cur->fts_level;
	if (level < FTS_MAXLEVEL)
	    level++;

	/* Read the directory, attaching each entry to the `link' pointer. */
	doadjust = 0;
	for (head = tail = NULL, nitems = 0; dirp && (dp = readdir(dirp));) {
		if (ISDOT(dp->d_name))
			continue;

#if HAVE_DIRENT_NAMLEN
		dlen = dp->d_namlen;
#else
		dlen = strlen(dp->d_name);
#endif

		if (!(p = fts_alloc(sp, dp->d_name, dlen)))
			goto mem1;
		if (dlen >= maxlen) {	/* include space for NUL */
			oldaddr = sp->fts_path;
			if (fts_palloc(sp, dlen + len + 1)) {
				/*
				 * No more memory for path or structures.  Save
				 * errno, free up the current structure and the
				 * structures already allocated.
				 */
mem1:				saved_errno = errno;
				free(p);
				fts_lfree(head);
				(void)closedir(dirp);
				cur->fts_info = FTS_ERR;
				SET(FTS_STOP);
				errno = saved_errno;
				return (NULL);
			}
			/* Did realloc() change the pointer? */
			if (oldaddr != sp->fts_path) {
				doadjust = 1;
				cp = sp->fts_path + len;
			}
			maxlen = sp->fts_pathlen - len;
		}

		p->fts_level = level;
		p->fts_parent = sp->fts_cur;
		p->fts_pathlen = len + dlen;
		if (p->fts_pathlen < len) {
			/*
			 * If we wrap, free up the current structure and
			 * the structures already allocated, then error
			 * out with ENAMETOOLONG.
			 */
			free(p);
			fts_lfree(head);
			(void)closedir(dirp);
			cur->fts_info = FTS_ERR;
			SET(FTS_STOP);
			errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
			return (NULL);
		}

		/* Build a file name for fts_stat to stat. */
		p->fts_accpath = p->fts_path;
		memmove(cp, p->fts_name, p->fts_namelen + 1);
		/* Stat it. */
		p->fts_info = fts_stat(sp, p);

		/* We walk in directory order so "ls -f" doesn't get upset. */
		p->fts_link = NULL;
		if (head == NULL)
			head = tail = p;
		else {
			tail->fts_link = p;
			tail = p;
		}
		++nitems;
	}
	if (dirp)
		(void)closedir(dirp);

	/*
	 * If realloc() changed the address of the path, adjust the
	 * addresses for the rest of the tree and the dir list.
	 */
	if (doadjust)
		fts_padjust(sp, head);

	/*
	 * If not changing directories, reset the path back to original
	 * state.
	 */
	if (len == sp->fts_pathlen || nitems == 0)
		--cp;
	*cp = '\0';

	/* If didn't find anything, return NULL. */
	if (!nitems) {
		cur->fts_info = FTS_DP;
		return (NULL);
	}

	/* Sort the entries. */
	if (sp->fts_compar && nitems > 1)
		head = fts_sort(sp, head, nitems);
	return (head);
}

static unsigned short
fts_stat(FTS *sp, FTSENT *p)
{
	FTSENT *t;
	dev_t dev;
	ino_t ino;
	struct stat *sbp;

	/* If user needs stat info, stat buffer already allocated. */
	sbp = p->fts_statp;

	if (lstat(p->fts_accpath, sbp)) {
		p->fts_errno = errno;
		memset(sbp, 0, sizeof(struct stat));
		return (FTS_NS);
	}

	if (S_ISDIR(sbp->st_mode)) {
		/*
		 * Set the device/inode.  Used to find cycles and check for
		 * crossing mount points.  Also remember the link count, used
		 * in fts_build to limit the number of stat calls.  It is
		 * understood that these fields are only referenced if fts_info
		 * is set to FTS_D.
		 */
		dev = p->fts_dev = sbp->st_dev;
		ino = p->fts_ino = sbp->st_ino;
		p->fts_nlink = sbp->st_nlink;

		if (ISDOT(p->fts_name))
			return (FTS_DOT);

		/*
		 * Cycle detection is done by brute force when the directory
		 * is first encountered.  If the tree gets deep enough or the
		 * number of symbolic links to directories is high enough,
		 * something faster might be worthwhile.
		 */
		for (t = p->fts_parent;
		    t->fts_level >= FTS_ROOTLEVEL; t = t->fts_parent)
			if (ino == t->fts_ino && dev == t->fts_dev) {
				p->fts_cycle = t;
				return (FTS_DC);
			}
		return (FTS_D);
	}
	if (S_ISLNK(sbp->st_mode))
		return (FTS_SL);
	if (S_ISREG(sbp->st_mode))
		return (FTS_F);
	return (FTS_DEFAULT);
}

static FTSENT *
fts_sort(FTS *sp, FTSENT *head, int nitems)
{
	FTSENT **ap, *p;

	/*
	 * Construct an array of pointers to the structures and call qsort(3).
	 * Reassemble the array in the order returned by qsort.  If unable to
	 * sort for memory reasons, return the directory entries in their
	 * current order.  Allocate enough space for the current needs plus
	 * 40 so don't realloc one entry at a time.
	 */
	if (nitems > sp->fts_nitems) {
		struct _ftsent **a;

		sp->fts_nitems = nitems + 40;
		if ((a = reallocarray(sp->fts_array,
		    sp->fts_nitems, sizeof(FTSENT *))) == NULL) {
			free(sp->fts_array);
			sp->fts_array = NULL;
			sp->fts_nitems = 0;
			return (head);
		}
		sp->fts_array = a;
	}
	for (ap = sp->fts_array, p = head; p; p = p->fts_link)
		*ap++ = p;
	qsort(sp->fts_array, nitems, sizeof(FTSENT *), sp->fts_compar);
	for (head = *(ap = sp->fts_array); --nitems; ++ap)
		ap[0]->fts_link = ap[1];
	ap[0]->fts_link = NULL;
	return (head);
}

static FTSENT *
fts_alloc(FTS *sp, const char *name, size_t namelen)
{
	FTSENT *p;
	size_t len;

	len = sizeof(FTSENT) + namelen;
	if ((p = calloc(1, len)) == NULL)
		return (NULL);

	p->fts_path = sp->fts_path;
	p->fts_namelen = namelen;
	p->fts_instr = FTS_NOINSTR;
	p->fts_statp = malloc(sizeof(struct stat));
	if (p->fts_statp == NULL) {
		free(p);
		return (NULL);
	}
	memcpy(p->fts_name, name, namelen);

	return (p);
}

static void
fts_lfree(FTSENT *head)
{
	FTSENT *p;

	/* Free a linked list of structures. */
	while ((p = head)) {
		head = head->fts_link;
		free(p);
	}
}

/*
 * Allow essentially unlimited paths; find, rm, ls should all work on any tree.
 * Most systems will allow creation of paths much longer than PATH_MAX, even
 * though the kernel won't resolve them.  Add the size (not just what's needed)
 * plus 256 bytes so don't realloc the path 2 bytes at a time.
 */
static int
fts_palloc(FTS *sp, size_t more)
{
	char *p;

	/*
	 * Check for possible wraparound.
	 */
	more += 256;
	if (sp->fts_pathlen + more < sp->fts_pathlen) {
		free(sp->fts_path);
		sp->fts_path = NULL;
		errno = ENAMETOOLONG;
		return (1);
	}
	sp->fts_pathlen += more;
	p = realloc(sp->fts_path, sp->fts_pathlen);
	if (p == NULL) {
		free(sp->fts_path);
		sp->fts_path = NULL;
		return (1);
	}
	sp->fts_path = p;
	return (0);
}

/*
 * When the path is realloc'd, have to fix all of the pointers in structures
 * already returned.
 */
static void
fts_padjust(FTS *sp, FTSENT *head)
{
	FTSENT *p;
	char *addr = sp->fts_path;

#define	ADJUST(p) {							\
	if ((p)->fts_accpath != (p)->fts_name) {			\
		(p)->fts_accpath =					\
		    (char *)addr + ((p)->fts_accpath - (p)->fts_path);	\
	}								\
	(p)->fts_path = addr;						\
}
	/* Adjust the current set of children. */
	for (p = sp->fts_child; p; p = p->fts_link)
		ADJUST(p);

	/* Adjust the rest of the tree, including the current level. */
	for (p = head; p->fts_level >= FTS_ROOTLEVEL;) {
		ADJUST(p);
		p = p->fts_link ? p->fts_link : p->fts_parent;
	}
}

static size_t
fts_maxarglen(char * const *argv)
{
	size_t len, max;

	for (max = 0; *argv; ++argv)
		if ((len = strlen(*argv)) > max)
			max = len;
	return (max + 1);
}

#endif