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Revision 1.154.2.15, Tue Dec 31 11:23:23 2013 UTC (7 years, 11 months ago) by schwarze
Branch: VERSION_1_12
CVS Tags: VERSION_1_12_3
Changes since 1.154.2.14: +53 -27 lines

release 1.12.3

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<HTML>
	<HEAD>
		<META HTTP-EQUIV="Content-Type" CONTENT="text/html; charset=utf-8">
		<LINK REL="stylesheet" HREF="index.css" TYPE="text/css" MEDIA="all">
		<TITLE>mdocml | UNIX manpage compiler</TITLE>
	</HEAD>
	<BODY>
		<P CLASS="head">
			<A HREF="http://www.openbsd.org/"><IMG SRC="puffy.gif" ALT="Puffy" WIDTH="100" HEIGHT="91" STYLE="float: right"></A>
			<B>mdocml</B> &#8211; UNIX manpage compiler, current version @VERSION@ (@VDATE@)
		</P>
		<P CLASS="subhead">
			Sources: <A HREF="/snapshots/mdocml.tar.gz">current</A>,
			<A HREF="/cgi-bin/cvsweb/?cvsroot=mdocml">cvsweb</A>
			(<A HREF="/snapshots/">archives</A>)
		</P>
		<H1>
			<A NAME="description">Description</A>
		</H1>
		<P>
			<SPAN CLASS="nm">mdocml</SPAN> is a suite of tools compiling <I><A HREF="mdoc.7.html">mdoc</A></I>, the roff macro
			package of choice for BSD manual pages, and <I><A HREF="man.7.html">man</A></I>, the predominant historical package for
			UNIX manuals.
			It is small, ISO C, <A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.isc.org/software/license">ISC</A>-licensed, and quite fast.
		</P>
		<P>
			The tool set features <A HREF="mandoc.1.html">mandoc</A>,
			based on the <A HREF="mandoc.3.html">libmandoc</A> validating compiler,
			to format output for UNIX terminals (with
			support for wide-character locales), XHTML, HTML, PostScript, and PDF.  
			It also includes <A HREF="preconv.1.html">preconv</A>, for recoding multibyte manuals; 
			<A HREF="demandoc.1.html">demandoc</A>, for emitting only text parts of manuals;
			<A HREF="mandocdb.8.html">mandocdb</A>, for indexing manuals; and
			<A HREF="apropos.1.html">apropos</A>, <A HREF="whatis.1.html">whatis</A>, and
			<A HREF="man.cgi.7.html">man.cgi</A> (via <A HREF="catman.8.html">catman</A>) for semantic search of manual content.
		</P>
		<P>
			<SPAN CLASS="nm">mdocml</SPAN> has predominantly been developed on OpenBSD
			and is both an <A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.openbsd.org/">OpenBSD</A>
			and a <A CLASS="external" HREF="http://bsd.lv/">BSD.lv</A> project.  
			We strive to support all interested free operating systems, in particular
			<A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.dragonflybsd.org/">DragonFly</A>,
			<A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.netbsd.org/">NetBSD</A>,
			<A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.freebsd.org/">FreeBSD</A>,
			<A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.minix3.org/">Minix 3</A>,
			and <A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.gnu.org/">GNU</A>/Linux,
			as well as all systems running the <A CLASS="external" HREF="http://www.pkgsrc.org/">pkgsrc</A> portable package build system.
			All of these projects have helped to make <SPAN CLASS="nm">mdocml</SPAN> better, by providing feedback and advice,
			bug reports, and patches.
		</P>
		<P>
			<I>Disambiguation</I>: <SPAN CLASS="nm">mdocml</SPAN> is often referred to by its installed binary, <Q>mandoc</Q>.
		</P>
		<H2>
			<A NAME="sources">Sources</A>
		</H2>
		<P>
			<SPAN CLASS="nm">mdocml</SPAN> should build and run on any modern system with
			<A HREF="http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/berkeleydb/overview/index.html">libdb</A>
			(this is installed by default on BSD UNIX systems &mdash; see the <I>Makefile</I> if you're running Linux).
			To build and install into <I>/usr/local/</I>, just run <CODE>make install</CODE>.
			Be careful: the <B>preconv</B>, <B>apropos</B>, and <B>whatis</B> installed binary names
			may be taken by existing utilities.
		</P>
		<H2>
			Downstream
		</H2>
		<P>
			Several systems come bundled with <SPAN CLASS="nm">mdocml</SPAN> utilities.
			If your system does not appear below, the maintainers have not contacted me and it should not be considered
			<Q>official</Q>, so please <A HREF="#contact">contact us</A> if you plan on maintaining a downstream version!
		</P>
		<TABLE WIDTH="100%" SUMMARY="Downstream Sources">
			<COL WIDTH="175">
			<COL>
			<TBODY>
				<TR>
					<TD>DragonFly BSD</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://gitweb.dragonflybsd.org/dragonfly.git/tree/HEAD:/contrib/mdocml" CLASS="external">contrib/mdocml</A> (1.12.3 sources)
					<A HREF="http://gitweb.dragonflybsd.org/dragonfly.git/tree/HEAD:/lib/libmandoc" CLASS="external">lib/libmandoc</A>
					<A HREF="http://gitweb.dragonflybsd.org/dragonfly.git/tree/HEAD:/usr.bin/mandoc" CLASS="external">usr.bin/mandoc</A> (build system)
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>FreeBSD 10.0, -CURRENT</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://svnweb.freebsd.org/base/head/contrib/mdocml/" CLASS="external">contrib/mdocml</A> (1.12.1 sources)
					<A HREF="http://svnweb.freebsd.org/base/head/usr.bin/mandoc/" CLASS="external">usr.bin/mandoc</A> (build system)
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>FreeBSD 9.x, 8.x</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://svnweb.freebsd.org/ports/head/textproc/mdocml/" CLASS="external">ports/textproc/mdocml</A> (1.12.2 port)
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>NetBSD</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://cvsweb.netbsd.org/bsdweb.cgi/src/external/bsd/mdocml/" CLASS="external">src/external/bsd/mdocml</A> (1.12.1 sources plus patches and build system)
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>OpenBSD</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://www.openbsd.org/cgi-bin/cvsweb/src/usr.bin/mandoc/" CLASS="external">src/usr.bin/mandoc</A> (1.12.3 sources under active development and build system)
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>pkgsrc</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://pkgsrc.se/textproc/mdocml" CLASS="external">textproc/mdocml</A> (1.12.2 port)
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>Minix3</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://git.minix3.org/?p=minix.git;a=tree;f=external/bsd/mdocml" CLASS="external">external/bsd/mdocml</A> (1.10.9 sources and build system)
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>Alpine Linux</TD>
					<TD>
					<A HREF="http://git.alpinelinux.org/cgit/aports/tree/main/mdocml" CLASS="external">aports/main/mdocml</A> (1.12.2 port)
					</TD>
				</TR>
			</TBODY>
		</TABLE>
		<H1>
			<A NAME="documentation">Documentation</A>
		</H1>
		<P>
			These manuals are generated automatically and refer to the current release.
			They are the authoritative documentation for the <SPAN CLASS="nm">mdocml</SPAN> system.
		</P>

		<TABLE WIDTH="100%" SUMMARY="Documentation">
			<COL WIDTH="175">
			<COL>
			<TBODY>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="apropos.1.html">apropos(1)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						search the manual page database
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="demandoc.1.html">demandoc(1)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						emit only text of UNIX manuals
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="mandoc.1.html">mandoc(1)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						format and display UNIX manuals
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="preconv.1.html">preconv(1)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						recode multibyte UNIX manuals
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="whatis.1.html">whatis(1)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						search the manual page database
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="mandoc.3.html">mandoc(3)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						mandoc macro compiler library
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="tbl.3.html">tbl(3)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						roff table parser library for mandoc
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="eqn.7.html">eqn(7)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						eqn-mandoc language reference
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						man language reference
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="man.cgi.7.html">man.cgi(7)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						cgi for manpage query and display
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="mandoc_char.7.html">mandoc_char(7)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						mandoc special characters
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="mdoc.7.html">mdoc(7)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						mdoc language reference
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="roff.7.html">roff(7)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						roff-mandoc language reference
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="tbl.7.html">tbl(7)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						tbl-mandoc language reference
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="catman.8.html">catman(8)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						update a man.cgi manpage cache
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD VALIGN="top"><A HREF="mandocdb.8.html">mandocdb(8)</A></TD>
					<TD VALIGN="top">
						index UNIX manuals
					</TD>
				</TR>
			</TBODY>
		</TABLE>
		<H2>
			<A NAME="links">Supplementary Information</A>
		</H2>
		<UL>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="http://manpages.bsd.lv/">Practical UNIX Manuals</A>: mdoc tutorial by Kristaps Dzonsons
			</LI>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="http://www.openbsd.org/faq/ports/specialtopics.html#Mandoc" CLASS="external">OpenBSD porting guide</A>
				chapter regarding manual pages
			</LI>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="press.html">Publications and media coverage</A>
				concerning mdocml and mandoc
			</LI>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="http://manpages.bsd.lv/history.html">History of UNIX Manpages</A>: a comprehensive overview by Kristaps Dzonsons
			</LI>
		</UL>
		<H1>
			<A NAME="contact">Contact</A>
		</H1>
		<P>
			Use the mailing lists for bug-reports, patches, questions, etc.  Please check the
			<A HREF="http://mdocml.bsd.lv/cgi-bin/cvsweb/TODO?cvsroot=mdocml">TODO</A> for known issues
			before posting.  All lists are subscription-only: send a blank e-mail to the listed address to subscribe.  Beyond that,
			contact Kristaps at <A HREF="http://mailhide.recaptcha.net/d?k=01M6h_w7twDp58ZgH57eWC_w==&amp;c=Q2DBUt401ePlSeupJFrq_Q==" TITLE="Reveal
			this e-mail address">kris...</A>@bsd.lv.  Archives are available at <A HREF="http://gmane.org/" CLASS="external">Gmane</A>.
		</P>
		<TABLE WIDTH="100%" SUMMARY="Mailing Lists">
			<COL WIDTH="175">
			<COL>
			<TBODY>
				<TR>
					<TD>
						disc<A CLASS="external" TITLE="Reveal this e-mail address"
						HREF="http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/d?k=01KQ80PFH5n3BBNpF5Gs4sRg==&amp;c=EV1QytpQqTHSItc2IXvZyocgYLPnG5K0JKw_gwMC9yc=">...</A>@mdocml.bsd.lv
					</TD>
					<TD>
						bug-reports, general questions, and announcements 
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>
						tec<A CLASS="external" TITLE="Reveal this e-mail address"
						HREF="http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/d?k=01qDX_iV0RlUOarEvb6mR28g==&amp;c=gRXsTjza0NNCFPaYu-Taj2tF0pmYZSc90EZkFkhkxgo=">...</A>@mdocml.bsd.lv
					</TD>
					<TD>
						patches and system discussions 
					</TD>
				</TR>
				<TR>
					<TD>
						sou<A CLASS="external" TITLE="Reveal this e-mail address"
						HREF="http://www.google.com/recaptcha/mailhide/d?k=01prQrAZhhl2EbIwVcRfABsQ==&amp;c=KtTW4Yic9xk-8g40KzJoca4fR3MYXv28g8NC6OQV-T8=">...</A>@mdocml.bsd.lv
					</TD>
					<TD>
						source commit messages 
					</TD>
				</TR>
			</TBODY>
		</TABLE>
		<H1>
			<A NAME="news">News</A>
		</H1>
		<P CLASS="news">
			31-12-2013: version 1.12.3
		</P>
		<P>
			In the <A HREF="mdoc.7.html">mdoc(7)</A> SYNOPSIS, line breaks and hanging indentation
			now work correctly for .Fo/.Fa/.Fc and .Fn blocks.
			Thanks to Franco Fichtner for doing part of the work.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="mdoc.7.html">mdoc(7)</A> .Bk macro got some addititonal bugfixes.
		</P>
		<P>
			In <A HREF="mdoc.7.html">mdoc(7)</A> macro arguments, double quotes can now be quoted 
			by doubling them, just like in <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A>.  
			Thanks to Tsugutomo ENAMI for the patch.
		</P>
		<P>
			At the end of <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> macro lines, end-of-sentence spacing
			now works.  Thanks to Franco Fichtner for the patch.
		</P>
		<P>
			For backward compatibility, the <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> parser now supports the
			man-ext .UR/.UE (uniform resource identifier) block macros.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> parser now handles closing blocks that are not open
			more gracefully.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> parser now ignores blank lines right after .SH and .SS.
		</P>
		<P>
			In the <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> formatter, reset indentation when leaving a block,
			not just when entering the next one.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="roff.7.html">roff(7)</A> .nr request now supports incrementing and decrementing
			number registers and stops parsing the number right before the first non-digit character.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="roff.7.html">roff(7)</A> parser now supports the alternative escape sequence
			syntax \C'uXXXX' for Unicode characters.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="roff.7.html">roff(7)</A> parser now parses and ignores the .fam (font family) 
			and .hw (hyphenation points) requests and the \d and \u escape sequences.                  
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="roff.7.html">roff(7)</A> manual got a new ESCAPE SEQUENCE REFERENCE.
		</P>
		<P CLASS="news">
			05-10-2013: version 1.12.2
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="mdoc.7.html">mdoc(7)</A> to <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> converter,
			to be called as <CODE>mandoc -Tman</CODE>, is now fully functional.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="mandoc.1.html">mandoc(1)</A> utility now supports the <CODE>-Ios</CODE> (default operating system)
			input option, and the <CODE>-Tutf8</CODE> output mode now actually works.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="mandocdb.8.html">mandocdb(8)</A> utility no longer truncates existing databases when starting to build new ones,
			but only replaces them when the build actually succeeds.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> parser now supports the <EM>PD</EM> macro (paragraph distance),
			and (for GNU man-ext compatibility only) <EM>EX</EM> (example block) and <EM>EE</EM> (example end).
			Plus several bugfixes regarding indentation, line breaks, and vertical spacing,
			and regarding <EM>RS</EM> following <EM>TP</EM>.
		</P>
		<P>
			The <A HREF="roff.7.html">roff(7)</A> parser now supports the <EM>\f(BI</EM> (bold+italic) font escape,
			the <EM>\z</EM> (zero cursor advance) escape and the <EM>cc</EM> (change control character)
			and <EM>it</EM> (input line trap) requests.
			Plus bugfixes regarding the <EM>\t</EM> (tab) escape, nested escape sequences, and conditional requests.
		</P>
		<P>
			In <A HREF="mdoc.7.html">mdoc(7)</A>, several bugs were fixed related to UTF-8 output of quoting enclosures,
			delimiter handling, list indentation and horizontal and vertical spacing,
			formatting of the <EM>Lk</EM>, <EM>%U</EM>, and <EM>%C</EM> macros,
			plus some bugfixes related to the handling of syntax errors like badly nested font blocks,
			stray <EM>Ta</EM> macros outside column lists, unterminated <EM>It Xo</EM> blocks,
			and non-text children of <EM>Nm</EM> blocks.
		</P>
		<P>
			In <A HREF="tbl.7.html">tbl(7)</A>, the width of horizontal spans and the vertical spacing around tables was corrected,
			and in <A HREF="man.7.html">man(7)</A> files, a crash was fixed that was triggered by some particular unclosed <EM>T{</EM> macros.
		</P>
		<P>
			For mandoc developers, we now provide a <A HREF="tbl.3.html">tbl(3)</A> library manual and <CODE>gmdiff</CODE>,
			a very small, very simplistic groff-versus-mandoc output comparison tool.
		</P>
		<H2>
			<A>History</A>
		</H2>
		<UL>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="NEWS">Release notes</A> going back to release 1.9.15, February 18, 2010.
				Briefly explaining the most important changes in each release in relatively easy terms.
				Very many changes are not mentioned here.
			</LI>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="history.html">Development history</A> going back to the beginning of the project, November 22, 2008.
				One-line entries for important commits, releases, merges, hackathons and talks.
				Makes it easy to find out who did what, and when, and when it became available where.
				However, this is still incomplete, mentioning only a small fraction of all commits,
				and to keep the size down, the individual entries are extremely terse and technical.
				Feel free to look up more details and longer explanations about individual entries
				in the ChangeLog or in CVS.
			</LI>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="ChangeLog">CVS ChangeLog</A> going back to the beginning of the project.
				Very technical information of varying quality, strictly chronological.
				All commits are mentioned, but some messages neglect to mention some changes.
				Partly terse, partly detailed and verbose.  In any case, the ChangeLog is very long -
				more than 25,000 lines, more than 700 kB.
			</LI>
			<LI>
				<A HREF="/cgi-bin/cvsweb/?cvsroot=mdocml">CVS</A> web interface, going back to the beginning of the project.
				Source code, diffs and commit messages for each source file.  The real thing.
			</LI>
		</UL>
		<P CLASS="foot">
			<SMALL>
				Copyright &#169; 2008&#8211;2011 
				<A CLASS="external" HREF="http://kristaps.bsd.lv">Kristaps Dzonsons</A>, 
				&#169; 2013 Ingo Schwarze,
				$Date: 2013/12/31 11:23:23 $
			</SMALL>
		</P>
	</BODY>
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